Value analysis is a set of techniques, knowledge, and skills used to improve the value of a product by eliminating unnecessary costs or improving its functions without compromising quality, reliability, and performance. It involves understanding the components of a product and related costs.

In this article, we’ll review the benefits of value analysis, compare value analysis and value engineering, find out several techniques, explore the steps of value analysis and see an example.

Why is value analysis important?

The technique is really valuable for businesses since it helps reduce costs and improve the quality of products. Besides, it enables a company to increase business efficiency and effectiveness of all processes involved. The approach implies breaking down operational processes into smaller components and improving or removing them to ensure increased value in the future.

Since analysis allows firms to break down the product or service into smaller components, they can evaluate each component, its importance, and its performance. As a result, the business obtains a clear picture of the components that are unnecessary and enable it to eliminate them and save costs.

Value analysis brings several benefits for your business, so let’s review them.

Benefits of Value Analysis

As we’ve mentioned before, value analysis is crucial since it identifies the problems and suggests improvements that should be made in your company. This process helps:

  • reduce costs;
  • maintain high quality;
  • provide an opportunity to use new technologies;
  • eliminate waste;
  • encourage new ideas;
  • improve brand image;
  • improve design.

Now that you know some fundamentals, let’s explore this topic in more detail and make the difference between value analysis and value engineering clear.

Value Analysis vs Value Engineering

It’s essential to understand the difference between these two processes since they play a great role in your business. To start, let’s review value analysis.

Value analysis implies analyzing existing products and evaluating them to improve the functioning of a product or reduce its cost. A step-by-step plan helps assess different aspects of a product such as functions, alternative components, design, and costs. Value analysis includes function analysis during which a product is broken down into components which are reviewed later.

Value engineering appears during the development of new goods. A company uses teamwork to analyze and evaluate the product to improve its functions and reduce costs. This process is conducted before any investments in tooling, equipment, or plant are made.

Now when you know the difference, it’s time to proceed to the techniques.

3 Value Analysis Techniques

Value analysis involves many various techniques that simplify the process. We’ve prepared the main three for you to consider.

  • Be specific. Very often companies try different methods and then report that none of them works. To prevent this situation, you should be specific and don’t make vague statements. A careful manufacturing process requires accurate examination before it starts.
  • Obtain data from authentic sources. Different types of data should be received from reliable sources. To obtain accurate information on costs, methods of manufacturing, and packing, you can use a questionnaire. Prepare accurate and relevant questions on topics you need.
  • Use creativity. To find the unnecessary costs, you need to develop new ideas. By doing this, you can eliminate the previous problems and implement some useful improvements. Besides, it enables you to find out how to simplify the existing component of a product and consequently reduce costs.

Now it’s time to explore the steps of this process.

5 Steps of a Value Analysis

We can distinguish the five main steps of value analysis. So let’s jump in.

  1. Gather information. During this step, the main aim of the team is to understand the purpose of the project. Team members collect project data and concepts and try to understand the project scope. They analyze budget, risks, costs, and other issues, visit sites, and study various project documents.
  2. Determine and analyze the function of a project. First of all, the team identifies the primary and secondary functions of the project. Next, team members should determine value-mismatched functions to improve them.
  3. Generate new ideas for improvement. This step is for team members to create and develop improvement ideas. They should find alternatives so that the project could perform the same functions.
  4. Evaluate these ideas and develop them. Team members discuss each idea in detail and identify the costs. They review all the possible risks and choose the most relevant and suitable ideas. Once ideas that make sense are identified, it’s time to work with them. The value engineering team develops the options and passes them back to the project team. These ideas should be thoroughly explained so that project owners and stakeholders could understand them.
  5. Present improvements. At this stage, the ideas are presented to stakeholders. The best salesperson is responsible for the presentation.

Let’s see an example.

Value Analysis Example

To understand how value analysis works, we need to proceed to an example. Let’s imagine that there’s a motor manufacturer that asks an engineer to conduct a value analysis on the motor casing and all that is required to build it.

During this analysis, an engineer discovers that there should be three different sizes of nuts and bolts and it takes time to insert them. The specialist finds out that after a redesign of the casing it’s necessary to use only one size of the bolt with threaded bolt holes and nuts aren’t needed. As a result, the manufacturer can see clear savings in time and costs.

By doing a value analysis, companies can receive information about the out-of-date practices businesses use and replace them with new approaches that will bring visible results. That’s why many businesses use this technique.


  1. This article covers the definition, phases, advantages, and disadvantages of value analysis.
  2. This article explains the six steps of value analysis.
  3. In this article, readers can find information about twelve techniques of value analysis.
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